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30th Ave – How “mixed” is mixed use really?

2 Apr

30th Ave between 35th and 36th Streets, as it is now. The blue sign in the middle describes the new development.

 

Four adjacent stores along 30th Avenue between 35th and 36th streets have closed down, and a new development will rise up in their place.  I interviewed several of the store-owners back in 2011.  One of the stores, Astoria Music, had been at that location since 1922.

When small places like this close down, it’s not only the stores we loose from the Avenue but also the people who own, frequent, and love them.

The block included a party store, billiards hall, the music store, a local real estate brokers, and, still open for now, a jewelers.  Their owners or the owners’ parents hail originally from Mexico, Colombia, Greece and Uzbekistan.  Whatever the “mixed-use” development that appears in their place it’s unlikely it will represent quite that diversity of people and purpose.

In conducting the interviews I aimed to “preserve a words-and-images record of the street” as it was that year, given that just like all city neighborhoods, 30th Ave is changing.  Little did I know how fast that change would happen.

Here are some words and images that reflect what the block was like until relatively recently, when Astoria Music and La Bomboniera Marylu relocated to the quieter 28th Avenue.  I wish I had got a photograph showing all the stores together!

Elizabet Flores, La Bomboniera Marylu: full interview

Party store La Bomboniera Marylu, now moved to 28th Ave

 

Elizabet Flores was the cleaner for the previous owner of the store. When that owner moved away from New York, Elizabet took on the business.

 

“We can help you with first communions, christenings, birthdays, weddings.  We help you with the invitations, favors, decoration of the hall…anything that you need for the party.”

George Phillips, Astoria Music: full interview

Astoria Music, which opened on 30th Ave in 1922, and is now on 28th Ave.  Photo credit Nancy A. Ruhling.

 

George Phillips of Astoria Music. Before he took on the store in 1982 George was a NASA engineer.

 

“I average anywhere between six to seven bouzoukis a month.  This is the only music store in America that sells bouzoukis like this – well, the real thing.  There are lots of imitations.  This is the real thing.”

Nancy Ruhling who writes the “Astoria Characters” profiles for Huffington Post has also interviewed George.

Carlos Sanclementi, Astoria Billiards: full interview

“We stay open until whenever the last players leave.  If there are five tables playing at two in the morning, you can’t go round and tell them to wrap up and go.  Some of the regulars come here every day to play.”

Carlos Sanclementi of Astoria Billiards Club and his wife Marta

 

Ralph and Yury Almaz- Almaz Brothers jewelers: full interview

The jewelers store is still open at 35-13 30th Ave.

Photo of Almaz Brothers Jewelers - Astoria, NY, United States. Store front and window of Almaz Brothers Jewelers

 

Brothers Ralph and Yury Almaz. Yury is wearing the small magnifying glass that he uses in his work around his neck.

 

Yury says that the most satisfying aspect of his work is “creating something special”.

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Full archive of 30th Avenue interviews.

The photographs, interview write-ups and recordings from the project are part of the Queens Memory collection and the Queens Library digital archives.

Two events celebrate memories of Astoria

27 Nov

Two recent events hosted by Queens Memory at the Queens Library Broadway branch brought together Astoria old-timers and newcomers to talk about their memories and perspectives on the neighborhood.

Dr. Robyn Spencer of Lehman College kicked off the first event on Saturday 12 November by setting the scene with a quick history of Astoria, which has been defined by waves of immigration.

These began with settlement of the neighborhood by Dutch and Germans in the 17th Century, followed by Irish in the 19th and 20th Century, then Italians, Greeks (from mainland Greece during the 1960s, and from Cyprus after 1974), and from the 1970s onwards, immigrants from the Middle East (including Lebanon, Egypt, Syria and Yemen), as well as from Bangladesh, South and Central America, and from Europe.

Dr Robyn Spencer introduces the Nov 12 event with a short history of Astoria

Dr Robyn Spencer introduces the Nov 12 event with a short history of Astoria

I then shared some thoughts from my 2011 project on this website (five years ago!) interviewing one person a week for a year who lived or worked along Astoria’s 30th Avenue.  The interviews represent a wide cross-section of the street, but a few common threads appeared in many of them.

These included interviewees’ passion for their work, from Peter Loupakis who runs a karate acrobatics center, to school crossing guard Julia Bravo who is considered the ‘abuelita’, or grandmother, of her local community.

Another was the importance of the physical environment of the neighborhood which fosters interactions between people: with characteristics such as wide sidewalks, and the dense mixture of building uses so that you can find a hospital, a school, small stores, houses and apartment buildings interspersed along the same street.

And a third, of course, is that the neighborhood is always changing.  Three of the stores whose owners I interviewed in 2011 are now no longer on 30th Avenue but have moved to the parallel, quieter, 28th Avenue due to rising rent prices (Astoria Music, Bomboniera Marylu and TaxIntel).  The process of gentrification and rising rents came up in the conversation at the Queens Memory event, with participants highlighting the dynamism this represents but also the challenges for many residents.

Interviewee Khaled Shallah, originally from Syria, who runs Jerusalem Pita, had captured the continuous movement in the neighborhood when I asked him if he saw himself staying for a long time.  “This is New York.  Does anybody know how long they will be here?”

That said, a group of the participants at the event, now in their sixties and seventies, were born in Astoria and have never left.  They shared with participants the passion they had felt for the neighborhood as children in the 1950s and still feel today.  One recalled the fact that the local doctor used to pay house visits carrying a black bag.  Another mentioned the reunions of students from Public School 6 that still bring together classmates from all over the country, so many years on.

Other participants who were teenagers in the 1970s and ’80s remembered nights drinking underneath the Hell Gate Bridge, clashes between cliques divided by neighborhood “block” lines, and friends and relatives who were lost to drugs.

Participants at the Nov 12 Queens Memory event share their memories of As

Participants at the Nov 12 Queens Memory event share their memories of Astoria

Neighborhoods can only begin to be understood through the multiple, conflicting ways in which people see them.  A participant recalled how she previously lived in Manhattan and couldn’t imagine herself, at that time, living in Queens.  She thought that nothing happens here, just row upon row of dull low-rise houses (several years of living in Astoria later, and she’s been convinced otherwise!).

My husband Carlos, who was brought up in Washington Heights, responded that he had an opposite feeling whenever he would come to Queens as a child: a positive rather than negative reaction.  In his view, Queens was “the real New York”, where people were fully settled and established, unlike Manhattan which to him felt in permanent flux.

The second event on 19 November had a “Music and memories” theme.  It began with beautiful performances by Natalia “Saw Lady” Paruz on her musical saw, and Richard Khuzami on Middle Eastern drums.  Both interspersed their playing with reflections on the role of music in Astoria.

They also both described how accidents had lead them to find their respective instruments.  Natalia was a dancer when she experienced a traffic accident and was told she could not dance again.  It was only when she saw someone playing a musical saw in Europe some time later that she became inspired again, and her devotion to the instrument took off from there.  She told the audience that on returning from that trip to Astoria, she surprised the owner of a hardware store on Broadway (no longer there) by trying out the saws on sale to see how many notes she could get from them.

Natalia "Saw Lady" Paruz playing her musical saw

Natalia “Saw Lady” Paruz playing her musical saw

One of the songs that Natalia performed was written by an Israeli composer friend who visited her house in Astoria: he was inspired by the character of the old house, and wrote the song on the spot.

Richard was also in an accident, which meant he no longer had movement in his ankles and had to give up his passion for playing the drum kit.  However he had grown up surrounded by Middle Eastern music and instruments – his family was originally from Lebanon – and decided to pick up playing the drums from the region which are hand-held and do not require pedals.  He got rid of all his Western music and decided to listen only to Middle Eastern music to immerse himself in its rhythms and tones.  This process worked – not only has he performed in multiple venues in Queens, but also at Carnegie Hall.

richard-playing

Richard Khuzami demonstrating one of his drums.

Following the two performances, a participant at the event demonstrated an antique accordion that his grandfather had brought to Astoria from Italy.  He recalled how anytime his grandmother annoyed his grandfather, the grandfather would retreat to his room to play: his wife did not appreciate his accordion-playing!  The participant also remembered spinning around the living room as a child while his grandfather played Tarantellas, an Italian folk dance.

Richard Khuzami described the buzzing live music scene in Astoria and in the 1980s and ’90s when he would perform at places across the neighborhood through the night.  Now, the live music scene is more limited, with the ascendance of electronic music.  Yet towards the end of the event the discussion shifted from looking back, to looking towards the future: participants talked about ways that Astoria’s music life can be fostered by supporting young musicians and potential new venues.

These two consecutive events celebrated the diverse communities that form Astoria, which has always been defined by close interaction between the old and the new.

memorabiliaflyer

Participants also brought along their Astoria photographs and memorabilia to share with Queens Memory.

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The event was organized by Queens Memory.  It was part of the Queens Memory: 50 Years of Integration program, made possible with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.  

To find out more about Queens Memory or if you are interested in contributing photographs or participating in an oral history interview visit: http://www.queensmemory.org

Anthoula Lelekidis was one of the participants at the event: she runs the popular “Ancient Astoria” Instagram channel (featured in Queens Gazette) that preserves photographs of Astoria as it used to be. 

group-3

 

 

From the archives: Janeth and Julia

28 Oct

Julia Bravo (l) and Janeth Toral (r)

Julia Bravo (l) and Janeth Toral (r)

From the archives– the interview with Janeth and Julia on 14th street

I met friends Janeth Toral and Julia Bravo sitting outside a house on 14th Street just south of 30th Avenue, on a Saturday morning.  Janeth works as a consultant for Mary Kay: they were selling beauty products made by Mary Kay and Avon from the porch to passersby.

Janeth and Julia are both from Ecuador.  Julia has lived in Astoria for 49 years and is now considered the “abuelita” – the “grandmother” – of her community.  She works as a crossing guard by public school 171, which is bordered by 29th and 30th Aves, and 14th Street.  Her work is clearly needed there, as there are no traffic lights.  One day four years ago, after getting a group of children across the street, a taxi hit her and hurt her leg.

Julia works 12 months a year – in the summertime there are still classes going on.  She says that the children who she helps cross the road are from all ethnic backgrounds – Hispanic, black, South Asian, Chinese, Irish, Italian – but that differences are overridden by the fact “they are all children.”

She enjoys the affection she gets from the children and the fact their parents are grateful for her help.  Julia’s own children are now grown up and married, and are currently serving in the army – she says that email helps her to keep in regular contact with them.

Janeth came to New York from Ecuador 19 years ago.  For the first year before moving to Astoria she lived in Corona.  “I didn’t like it because it was so noisy.  There was so much loud music!  Here it’s a bit calmer.  There are problems here and there, but we manage.”  She began selling beauty products to help support her family.  Her husband and two of her sons are in Ecuador, and her other four children (two boys and two girls) live with her in Astoria.

Both Janeth and Julia agree that the good things about the neighborhood are the nearby parks – in particular Astoria Park with its swimming pool – and access to different things that they need: stores, schools, post-offices.  The problems, they say, come mainly from people who come through from other parts of New York City.  And as Julia adds, the prices are going up, making it an expensive neighborhood to live in now.

The two women first got to know each other when Janeth’s son, now 13, was in pre-kinder.  “He kept asking me about Julia, saying ‘when are we going to see my grandmother?’” says Janeth.  “I would say no, she’s not actually your grandmother’ and he would say, ‘yes, she is!’”.

Speaking with Brian King of Vapor Generation

7 Mar

Brian King of Vape Generation

Brian King of Vape Generation

A new arrival on 30th Avenue is “Vapor Generation” at 36-20B. I quit smoking about five years ago when I became pregnant with my first child: while I’ve noticed vape stores popping up around the neighborhood and people standing outside bars with their vape pens, vaping has been a bit of a mystery to me. I spoke with Vapor Generation’s Brian King to find out more.

Brian moved to Astoria from California two and a half months ago. He started working with Vapor Generation when it opened in late February.

‘We’re trying to get people to quit in a nice healthier way, giving people many options,” he says. “We’re talking ingest or otherwise, with varying rates of nicotine from zero all the way up to eighteen milligrams for the heavy smokers. That way they don’t go through withdrawals if they are trying to kick.”

The store has a long counter where customers can test the products, and glass cabinets where they are on display: the battery-powered vaping devices, and the liquids in various flavors which go inside them. Along one wall is a black and white image of a lamp-lit street in Paris.

“There’s a heating element inside that atomizes the liquid,” says Brian. “Instead of turning it into a smoke it’s actually a vapor. You are exhaling, and it looks like smoke, but it’s not.”

He adds: “It tastes good, and it smells good too. People’s boyfriends and girlfriends are happy when they are not smoking because they don’t have to kiss an ashtray anymore.”

Brian, who formerly worked in construction, started using vapors in California.  “I had to do something with my mouth,” he says. “I was chewing on pens and pencils, toothpicks, and eating lollipops…and then I found vaping.”

Until he got into the business, however, he did not realize how many options were available.  Vapor Generation sources its liquids from the US and Europe – avoiding other overseas sources given the risks of them containing harmful ingredients such as pesticides.  The liquids they sell contain pharmaceutical-grade or food-grade propylene glycol and glycerin.

Vaping is picking up quicker in New York than in California, Brian says, “because of Prop 215, which has made other things legal to smoke in California.” (Prop 215 is the legislation on medical marijuana).

While many of Vapor Generation’s customers are young, older long-time smokers are also venturing in. Brian sees it as his role to educate them. “A lot of the older folks that come in are trying to quit smoking – they have a lot of questions.  It’s good to be able to answer their questions for them and let them know what’s going on.”

On Astoria, Brian says that it “has friendly people.  It’s a little bit busier than I am used to.  But when you get somebody to stop and talk to you they are actually willing to give you a bit more time than they would in San Francisco.  If you’re lost looking for somewhere, people will actually get on their phone and ask other people.  They will try and help you get what you need.”

Vape Generation

Vape Generation

Speaking with Rodolfo of Tu Casa Astoria

16 Nov

Rodolfo-11082014

When my husband Carlos and I have people round or throw a party, we serve empanadas: beef, chicken and cheese. But when guests ask if we made them we have to confess we ordered them – from Tu Casa at 30-10 Steinway Street, just round the corner from 30th Ave. They’ve become an expected feature at our place and are way better than any we could make.

Recently I spoke with Rodolfo, Tu Casa’s manager. He has been in the restaurant business in New York for 20 years.

“We’re unique,” Rodolfo says. “I believe we are the only Latino restaurant around here. And not only Latino – but quality, good class Latino. The majority of people here in the neighborhood are European – and the majority of the restaurants are like French, and Greek.

“So I’d like to invite people who haven’t been here – to show them what good Latino food is all about.”

While Tu Casa’s owner has Dominican and Honduran parents, the chef is Peruvian – and about 75% of the menu is Peruvian. But there are also dishes from other parts of Latin America.

When asked which is the most popular dish, Rodolfo says “Lomo saltado, and pollo saltado – saltado is a style of cooking with onions, tomatoes and cilantro.” But then continues as if spoiled for choice: “Our ceviches are very popular too, Peruvian style. Also the Peruvian fried rice – Chaufa, with chicken.”

And we have non-Peruvian dishes that are very popular: chicarrones de pollo served with tostones or with rice and beans – our steaks, our fish…”

Their busiest times are Friday and Saturday nights, though they also serve food at lunchtime and have some regulars who come every day.   During the week, Tu Casa has a happy hour in the early evening.

The first Tu Casa opened in Kew Gardens. Then came the Astoria restaurant in 2010, and just a few weeks ago the third one, in Forest Hills, opened its doors.

Rodolfo says that as manager of the restaurant he enjoys dealing with people – whether it’s staff, or customers – and resolving situations that come up. His aim is to make sure that people who come through the door feel like they are welcome and at home. The restaurant is called “Tu Casa” after all.

Rodolfo-11082014-2

Louie “KR.ONE” Gasparro on subway graffiti – and Astoria

28 Apr

 

"Boutique 92" - one of Louie's Astoria murals from 1988: 38th Street and Broadway.

“Boutique 92” – one of Louie’s Astoria murals from 1988: 38th Street and Broadway.

Louie “KR.ONE” Gasparro is an artist and former NYC subway train graffiti writer.  He was one of twelve children born in Manhattan to Italian immigrants, and was raised in Astoria: he lived in Astoria from 1966 to 1996.

“I started writing graffiti very young in 1977, I was 11 years old,” says Louie.  “Ever since I can remember I was always drawing, sketching, finger painting and reading comic books.  So when I started to notice the cartoons and bubble lettering on trains I was immediately attracted to it.”

He adds: “Sketching the outline to executing it and seeing the result fly by while you are sitting in your homeroom class is really unforgettable.”  There were challenges too, of course.  “Going into a tunnel or train yard and doing a piece on a train that you liked and then walking out unscathed and not arrested were the biggest.  Painting in the dark was a challenge for sure – that’s why I painted mostly in yards.  In the daylight.”

Some of the cliques (subway writing groups) that Louie was a part of would meet up at the 30th Avenue subway station.  He met with writers from IRT (Invading Rapid Transit) and TSS (The Super Squad).  “There were guys with names like RCA (Reckless Car Artist), SN (Sick Nick), and KB (Krazy Boy) aka Savage 1.  RCA and KB were the founders and presidents of these two Astoria based cliques.”

Subway graffiti was known as writing because, Louie says, “it was letter and name based.  So we were writing.  Writing for ourselves and each other.

“Subway era graffiti was totally competitive.  Every writer would try and ‘burn’ the other with style or with quantity.”  But there was also camaraderie.  “Being a (graffiti) writer really transcended any and all social, economic, ethnic and racial boundaries.  The art was the common denominator.”

Louie grew up always feeling safe in Astoria.  “Everywhere I’d go I always knew someone.  If I didn’t, they’d usually know someone in my family.  It was a true neighborhood.  Astoria Park and all the school yards were the social network.  I still visit Astoria frequently because of the many great restaurants, and the Museum of the Moving Image, which I used to play in when it was an abandoned wreckage.”

In the mid 1980s, Louie was the first Astoria-based artist to be commissioned by the community and private businesses to do murals.  “I’m really proud of those murals,” he says.  And despite being a graffiti-writer on the trains he was a member of a community group called Graffiti Busters, helping identify what could be done for kids who were defacing property.

“I’d be sitting there with really long hair and a leather jacket explaining the psychological reasons why kids were writing their names on walls.  I got used to being stared at really quickly.”

Louie is still an artist, and a musician: his band is called Servants Of The Crown -Keepers Of The Sign.  And he recently published a book,Don 1, The King From Queens – The Life and Photos Of a NYC Transit Graffiti Master” about the influential graffiti writer from the 70s Joe “Don 1” Palattella (also from Astoria).  Louie says: “The book includes 200 never-seen-before photos of the old Astoria RR trains and the DON 1 tags and pieces (short for master-pieces) that adorned those trains.”

On why New York City saw the birth of the global street graffiti movement, Louie says: “When ‘Cornbread’ – a graffiti writer from Philadelphia – was noticed and TAKI 183 and Julio 204 took it to the next level in NYC and the whole metamorphosis from the more simplistic ‘single hits’ of graffiti signatures went to ‘bubble lettering’ and more elaborate ‘burners’ and ‘wild style’ the entire vocabulary of graffiti art was laid out on the NYC subways and streets – it was the invention of a modern art form.

“The evolution and style metamorphosis that happened in NYC from 1970 – 1980 is responsible for the global phenomena of graffiti writing and graffiti art.  I always say that we needed to write and apparently so did the world.”

Find out more:

KR.ONE’s website

New York Daily News on Louie KR.ONE Gasparro’s book on DON1: “Influential graffiti artist DON1 unveiled in new book by one of his longtime admirers”, Lisa L. Colangelo, New York Daily News, 5 Feb, 2014

And the archive of all the interviews on this website, “30th Ave – A Year in the Life of a Street”

More of Louie’s work:

KR.1 FOME 1 top to bottom whole car on the IRT # 2 train. Winter 82.  Louie says: "Last piece I ever did on a NYC subway!"

KR.1 FOME 1 top to bottom whole car on the IRT # 2 train. Winter 82. Louie says: “Last piece I ever did on a NYC subway!”

 

SAMSUNG

PS 166 School Yard – Louie grew up and played in this school yard for many years. This is a commissioned piece of art for another PS 166 school yard alumni.

 

Mahavishnu Orchestrated 72 dpi copy

“Mahavishnu Orchestrated” – a pen and ink illustration “that basically sums up who I am”, says Louie. You have a massive drum set sitting atop a NYC subway with a “KAY-AR” burner on it.

 

KR.ONE Style copy

“Style” – a pen and ink illustration

 

KR.ONE RAINBOW BUS copy

“KR.1 – Bus Buster” A top to bottom whole bus. “Giant letters on moving steel is a great memory enhancer!”

 

"Boutique 92" - one of Louie's Astoria murals from 1988: 38th Street and Broadway.

“Boutique 92” – one of Louie’s Astoria murals from 1988: 38th Street and Broadway.

 

KR1 SeinwaySt Tee

KR. 1 Steinway Street T-Shirt

 

KR.ONE Sheepshead 1980

KR.1 Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn. Winter 1980.

 

The cover of Louie's book, "DON1, the King from Queens"

Cover for “Don 1, The King From Queens” – Don 1 is on the cover, after an “insides” tagging mission. Bowery NYC 1976.

Speaking with Mohamed Khalil of Leli’s Bakery & Pastry Shop

21 Mar

Cakes on display at Leli's

Cakes on display at Leli’s

 

“Astoria is my second Alexandria” says Mohamed Khalil, the manager of Leli’s Bakery & Pastry Shop at 35-14 30th Avenue.  Originally from Egypt, Mohamed has lived in Astoria for the past eleven years.

Leli’s opened in November 2012.  It was founded by Emanuel Darmanin, known as “Leli”. Darmanin owns Melita Bakery based in the Bronx which sells bread and deserts wholesale to restaurants and hotels throughout the city.  He decided to branch out with his first storefront café, and settled on Astoria.

“In the past five, six years there has been, let’s say, a revolution in business here,” says Mohamed.  “I remember when 30th Avenue was too dark in the night.  Barely after 9 o’clock, you didn’t hear no-body.  If you had a pizza stop or something, it wasn’t a fancy one.”  But then “the first big café opened, that was Avenue Café.  They did a great business, and then came Grand Café, Flo Café, Mexi-BBQ…”

Leli’s Bakery followed suit.  At first, they would open at eight in the morning, and close at nine pm.  Now they open at seven, and at weekends stay open until eleven.  All of the food is made on site – the metal bread machines can be glimpsed through the back of the café.

The owner Darmanin is from Malta, and Maltese products feature prominently in the bakery.  There are mounds of savory Qassatat, that “TastoriaQueens” has reviewed in glowing terms, and pastizzi; small flaked-pastry snacks stuffed with ricotta cheese, beef, or spinach and feta cheese.  “In Malta, those are like the equivalent of falafel,” says Mohamed.  “Two of those will keep you going until you have your lunch or dinner.”

Then there are the sweets of course, of all shapes and sizes, from rainbow cookies to carrot cake.  Birthday cakes form colorful lines behind the glass counter and baskets brimming with croissants and muffins surround the till.  “To have a good product you have to do it from real ingredients”, says Mohamed.  “You know, nothing fat free.  That’s not what the boss is doing here.  Even if he has some sort of recipe that’s for people who want low-fat foods…that will never happen because he mixes it his Maltese way.”  Despite, that is, Darmanin being diabetic so unable to eat the delicacies his business creates.

Mohamed got to know Darmanin because a friend of his, also Egyptian, is married to one of Darmanin’s daughters.  “What I found out about any Maltese who I met here,” says Mohamed, “is that they have a background in baking.”  Mohamed finds the Maltese language easy to understand because “it’s about sixty percent Arabic.  They got the language from Libya…and the baking from Italy,” he says.  Malta, a small island in the Mediterranean, is in-between the two.

“Some people might like the feeling you get in a formal, expensive hotel,” says Mohamed.  “That’s not what we are aiming for here.”  No two chairs in Leli’s are the same, purposefully.  While we spoke on a Sunday afternoon all the chairs were occupied, and customers were queuing up at the counter for goods.  At the table next to us was Mohamed’s mother, over for a trip from Alexandria, knitting a child’s cardigan that she was hoping to complete by the end of the day.  On the other side of us, a young couple focused on their i-pads.

There is no shortage of other bakeries along 30th Avenue.  You “have to do a bit extra”, says Mohamed, to keep customers coming.

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Read more:

A New York Daily News profile of Emanuel Darmanin and Melita Bakery: “Third generation of bakers runs sweet family business in the Bronx after relocated to huge factory in Mott Haven,” New York Daily News, Feb 12, 2012

The full archive of 30th Ave interviews is here.

Speaking with striking Trade Fair meat workers

16 Mar

Tara Pappas of UFCW Local 342 (far left), with workers from Trade Fair meat department including Eunice Izquierdo (second from right) and Beatriz Gomez (far right)

Tara Pappas of UFCW Local 342 (far left), with workers from Trade Fair meat department including Eunice Izquierdo (second from right) and Beatriz Gomez (far right)

 

From last Wednesday, Trade Fair employees have been standing outside the supermarket on 30th Ave with placards and leaflets.  They are among 100 employees of the meat departments at the nine Trade Fair locations throughout Queens who are holding an “unfair labor practices” strike.

Among them is Eunice Izquierdo.  She has worked in the store’s meat department for 23 years.  “When I started working here it was a relatively small business,” she says (translated from Spanish).  “I saw him [the company’s owner Farid Jaber] buy the fifth, the sixth, the seventh, the eighth, the ninth, all of those stores I saw him buy.  And also I’ve seen how the stores have grown in size, thanks to cheap labor.”

In November the workers’ contract came up for renewal.  Their union says that in the proposed new contract the management wanted to freeze wages for meat department employees, make everyone part time instead of full-time, reduce healthcare benefits and stop paying extra rates for  Sunday work.

“He wants to reduce our hours to 24 hours a week.  How are we going to support our families on that?”  says Eunice, who has three children – two in college and one in high school.  “There have been three cuts.  First we worked 48 hours a week, then 37.  At the moment we have been working 34.  Now he wants to cut it to 24 and change Sunday working to regular pay.”

She adds: “I like the work here.  We have done our work with a lot of love.  That is what hurts.  Because we have worked here with our hearts.  We have worked harder than we have been paid for.  It’s not to say it’s a bad business.  It’s a good business, well managed.  But the owner – that’s to say the owner-owner of all the stores – says that he wants everyone to be part time.  Who lives off part time?”

The workers are accompanied by representatives of the United Food and Commercial Workers union, Local 342.  According to the union, when rounds of negotiations over the new contract were not making any progress, the workers began to leaflet the customers on their off-the-clock-time.  The management reacted to this by harassing them and putting up signs in the department that part-time meat workers were wanted, the union says.

Union representative David Rodriquez said: “The employees are just speaking out for their rights.  They went to the community, spoke to the community, and he [Jaber] didn’t appreciate that, he would have preferred that they stay quiet.  So he put up these signs saying that they needed help, in the meat department, when they don’t.”

When the strike began on Wednesday, workers offered to go back to work in the afternoon to continue bargaining.  But management did not let them back, saying that they had been replaced with new staff, according to the union.

Beatriz Gomez is another of the workers on strike.  She has worked in the meat department for 13 years.  “What we are asking is to stay with what we had before,” she says.  “I have a lot of faith that we are going to be able to go back, that we will get our jobs back.  I am prepared to be here as long as it takes.”

Trade Fair headquarters declined to comment for this post.  They referred to the banner posted on the outside walls of their supermarkets.  It reads: “…We are in negotiation with the union and told them that we need to keep our costs competitive with other non-union stores in the neighborhood so we can provide you with top quality meat at fair, competitive prices.  The disruptions to our business is their answer to us.  Trade Fair will continue to do what is necessary to keep our costs competitive so that our prices remain competitive.” (full wording on the image below).

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See also: “Trade Fair Employees Strike,” Maria Fitzsimons, Queens Chronicle, 14 Mar 2013

An interview on this website in November 2011 with two managers at the 30th Ave location, Mustafa Eid and Sabah Guessar.  When asked if he would like to comment on the meat workers’ action, Mustafa said that for now only the management at Trade Fair headquarters is able to do that.

Sign outside Trade Fair on 30th Avenue, Astoria

Sign outside Trade Fair on 30th Avenue, Astoria

 

 

Astoria kids of the 1940s reunite

7 Oct

PS 5 kids when they were in 3rd grade – some of them are in the reunion photo below

The kids – at their reunion on September 20, 2012

In September a group of people in their early seventies met for lunch at an Astoria restaurant.  Most had either attended Public School 5 or Junior High School 126 in the neighborhood together, back in the late ‘40s and early ‘50s.  There were 24 “kids” from those schools at the gathering, along with 16 spouses or friends.  There were hugs and shouts of delight.  Some had not seen each other for over fifty years.  Since June 23, 1954 to be exact.

Alfred Holzman organized the reunion.  His Slovakia-born parents had moved into 34-03 30th Avenue in 1944.  They ran a store called Grand Paint Supply Company downstairs from their apartment, which is now Prime Design and Printing.  In 1945 Alfred entered Public School 5.

The school was at 30-11 29th Street, just off 30th Avenue.  The site is still a school – PS 234 – but the PS 5 building is no longer there: in 1967 an eight year-old boy playing with a match in a student clothing closet triggered a fire that burned the building to the ground.

Alfred and his classmates were devoted to one of their teachers, Mrs. Evelyn R. Benton.  She had recently started teaching at the school after serving with the US navy during World War II as a “WAVE” (an acronym for Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service).  Many years later, in 2005, Alfred decided to get a small group of “Mrs. Benton’s kids” back together again for a reunion.

Since that initial gathering in South Florida the group has mushroomed as Alfred has been able to track down more and more of their classmates.  Many live within New York State or New Jersey.  Some though had flown in for the Astoria reunion from Florida and were making the occasion into a vacation.  One woman arrived a little late having driven for seven hours straight from Vermont.

The reunion bubbled with reminiscences and summaries of lifetimes.  How to update someone on the last fifty years of your life?  It tended to boil down to love, work and health.  There may be big differences between the specific paths Mrs. Benton’s pupils took but those basic ingredients, in various formulations, are there.

Among the group is an actress, an artist who taught at Fashion Institute of Technology, and a wall-street investor-turned marine-turned firefighter who also played the bugle in a band during the half-times of New York Giants games.  One of the guests had married his childhood sweetheart.  Another was there with his second wife.  Alfred married his wife Lucy when he was in his fifties.

Clyde Locke, one of the guests, remembers the mix of origins of the kids along his block and still has the accents to prove it.  He can switch effortlessly from Irish- to Scottish- to English- to German- to Italian-accented English.  He says arriving at college where most kids had grown up in rural American towns was a culture shock – their experience having been so different from his city life.  Frank went on to be an ophthalmologist in Astoria and the Director of eye surgery at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary.  He fixed two detached retinas for one of his PS 5 kindergarten classmates, Rosemarri Roth, who stood up at the reunion to thank him.

While Astoria was mixed when Mrs Benton’s kids were young, most of its residents were of European origins.  As Alfred described it, “we all came from working class immigrant families, whether Hungarian, German, Slovak, Greek, or Italian-American.”

The guests brought photos and mementos.  Among them was a faded PS 5 banking book.  Each student contributed to his or her student bank account every Monday morning.  It could be a dime, a quarter, even a dollar, whatever their parents could afford at the time.  At the end of sixth grade when they graduated from PS 5, the children received a regular bank book.  In that way they learned to save.

The best memories though didn’t need a prop.  Evelyn Strang (raised on 30th Street between Newtown Avenue and Astoria Boulevard) and Frank Jankech (31st Avenue and 32nd Street) reminisced about a date they had gone on when they were young.  It was Evelyn’s first time going to a Broadway show.  She recalls her mother telling her to dress up nice and wear gloves.  “I remember you were always smiling, always happy,” she said of Frank.

Miss Anna E. Burns, the PS 5 long-time principal, cropped up in the conversations.  The girls at the school liked her, the boys loathed her.  One recalled his delight at discovering how to open a high window in the corridor followed by the dread of sensing her approaching behind him.

There were also insights into how 30th Avenue has changed.  Near where Key Foods supermarket is now located there was a grand mansion: Evelyn’s father tended the gardens there.  Most of the Avenue consisted of small shops, like now, but very few of the shops from the time have survived.  On practically every corner there was a pharmacy: from 29th Street to Steinway there were seven.

Off the Avenue, kids would take over whole blocks with street games, like stick ball for which they used manhole covers and auto fenders as bases.  And many remembered the jubilant street parties on V-J day in Spring 1945, when they were impressionable five year-olds.

Guests were given a questionnaire that they browsed during the meal, with questions about PS 5 and the neighborhood.  Some had specific answers.  “An important invention was made in Astoria in a garage on 37th Street, what was it?” (Answer: xerography, i.e. a dry photocopy, which soon became the essence of the Xerox corporation).

Other questions began with “Do you remember…?”.  For example, “Do you remember ‘inspection’ each week?” (when the class had to stand in a row and have their hands and fingernails inspected for cleanliness and display their handkerchiefs).  And: “Do you remember the basement lunch room (can you smell the tomato soup) ?”

The atmosphere at the reunion ranged from lighthearted to emotional.  As Alfred said when he addressed the group: “It’s just a kick, a great feeling, to see someone again.”

*************************************

I am very grateful to Alfred Holzman for inviting me to join this reunion.

For more on how 30th Avenue was in the past, see: the interview with Bob Singleton of the Greater Astoria Historical Society; a conversation with a group of Astoria old-timers at Corner Delights café; and the post about 30th Avenue’s former ice cream parlors.

Alfred Holzman’s parents outside their store Grand Paint Supply Company at 34-03 30th Avenue, just before they retired

And 34-03 30th Avenue today: Prime Design and Printing

 

Frank and Jennifer Greco – Astoria Coins and Collectibles

18 Sep

Frank and Jennifer Greco and their son Robert in Astoria Coins and Collectibles, 21-06 30th Ave

First up, a note from Jennifer Greco about the shop:

Astoria Coins and Collectibles is a place where collectors meet each other whether during working hours or on Saturdays, to discuss coins of interest, the market trends, or just stop by to say “Hello”.  The highlight of the store has always been the display cases, and whatever wall hangings we have on display at the moment, and the comradely conversations.  Frank Greco believes that these displays are not only of interest to our devoted customers, but even travelers find interest in the museum-like experience of seeing a small bit of history hanging on our walls and in our cases. Our unique coin shop is an interesting visit for people of all ages.

Interview

Frank and Jennifer Greco have run Astoria Coins and Collectibles on 30th Avenue since 1975.  It was a coin shop before then too.  Jennifer’s family owned the building, and the store first opened when she was around eight years old.  “I used to come in all the time with my Dad,” she says.  “I grew to love the shop and the idea of collecting coins…I guess it is in my blood now.”

She was fifteen when she met Frank.  They were both working at Key Food supermarket, at the time located not on 30th Ave as it is now but on 31st Street, between 21st Avenue and Ditmars.  Frank left Key Food after the couple had their children, as he was working really long hours.  He got a job with Air Canada at JFK airport and began working in the coin shop as well on Saturdays.  Then when he was laid off, he made the coin shop his full time vocation.  Their two sons and daughter are now grown up: the middle son, Robert, works in the coin store too.

“It’s the whole thing,” Frank says, on why he is passionate about working with coins.  “It’s a history lesson, really.  For example you start thinking about the movies, and John Wayne when he used to go into a bar with a silver dollar and get a whole bottle and a meal, and maybe even a woman and still get change!”

The store focuses on US coins, but also sells coins from many other countries.  Frank says that there used to be more coin shops, particularly in Manhattan.  But given the increasing rents and rise of the internet there are far fewer now.   He himself does a lot of business on the internet, while also sourcing coins from customers who bring them in, dealers who go from store to store, and shows.

The display cases that run the length of the store are crammed with clearly-labeled coins, each of which conveys a story.  Recently among them were a coin commemorating Abraham Lincoln’s 1860 address at Cooper Union before he became President, and a more recent coin marking the diamond jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in the UK.

The store also used to sell baseball cards and comic books, a hit with kids from the local boys club.  They still provide a bright patchwork on the walls, along with cabinets of coins, hanging bills, and a superhero mural.  But, Frank says, “It just got out of hand, got crazy.  I’d be selling baseball cards for a dollar a piece and then all of a sudden they came out with the high-end cards for $10 a piece.  Same thing with the comics.  But kids don’t have ten dollars.  So I just stopped it.”

The store provides an income tax service too.  It predates the coin business, in that Jennifer’s father had a real estate office next door which also did income tax.  Frank says: “At that time we would get the paper with the carbon copy in the middle and if you made a mistake you would rip it up and have to do another one.  When I got started, all I remember is ‘Do it over!  Do it over!”.

Astoria Coins and Collectibles is a place to hang out as much as a store.  “My eldest son always says that we should turn on a video here, because of the people who come in and just talk,” Jennifer says.  “Usually it starts about coins, about the economy, but then it becomes anything.”

A significant change they are seeing the neighborhood is the construction of new, expensive apartment buildings.  “I see a yuppie generation coming in,” says Jennifer.  “For the older generation – I can speak from my mom’s point of view because she was also born and raised in Astoria – she hates it.  She says they’re killing Astoria, I guess killing the country feeling of it, that she had growing up around 18th Street.”

Frank adds: “I grew up in Long Island City, down by Vernon Boulevard and 40th, where the Pepsi plant was.  When I grew up there it was just factories.  Now it’s Manhattan just coming right over the river.  And they’re going to do that along the waterfront here, too.  It’s just a matter of time.”

He says that properties are being overpaid for.  He cites the example of an apartment block on 21st Street where “they purchased five or six houses for $1.2 million.  Most people who live there paid like $8-10,000 for their houses.  If you get an offer for $1.2 million, you’re like ‘ok I’m out of here!’”

The coin store will no doubt though remain a community fixture for many years to come.  Jennifer recently returned to work there after retiring from her work in education.  “It’s invigorating,” she says.  “Especially having been in a classroom, a school, where you know there’s a lot of action, I never realized what I was missing all those years!”

Jennifer, Frank, and their dog Trudy

Baseball cards and comic books on the store wall